Cavities, also known as dental caries, are caused by a bacterial imbalance on the teeth. This imbalance occurs based on each individual’s oral environment, dietary habits, and hygiene habits. Everyone with teeth is at some risk for the infection that causes tooth decay. Large population studies have shown that even low risk individuals have a 23.6% chance of developing new cavities in the next 12 months, and that high/extreme risk patients have an 88% risk.
There are also effects on the rest of your body from cavities. Streptococcus mutans, a cavity causing bacterial species, is the most common oral bacteria found on heart valves and coronary arteries when it is found in the mouth of an individual and may be a potential risk for heart disease.
By understanding what is causing an imbalance in your mouth and by making adjustments, the bacterial imbalance can be controlled and your cavity rate can be either reduced or eliminated. A caries risk assessment along with early intervention professional products, can lower decay rates anywhere from 24% to 74%.